Tuscany is an Italian region of 3 729 641 inhabitants, located in central Italy. It borders Liguria to the north-west, Emilia-Romagna to the north, Marche and Umbria to the east, Lazio to the south. To the west, its 397 km of continental coasts are washed by the Ligurian Sea in the central-northern stretch between Carrara (mouth of the Parmignola torrent, border with Liguria) and the Gulf of Baratti; the Tyrrhenian Sea bathes the coastal stretch instead south between the promontory of Piombino and the mouth of the Chiarone, which marks the border with Lazio.
The capital of the region is Florence, the most populous city (382 000 inhabitants), as well as the main historical, artistic and economic-administrative centre; the other provinces are: Arezzo, Grosseto, Livorno, Lucca, Massa, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato and Siena.
The most characteristic landscapes of the region are those that harmoniously blend the beauty of nature with the millenary presence of man.
The splendid Gulf of Baratti and the sites of Vetulonia and Pitigliano preserve necropolises and testimonies of the Etruscan civilization, while Roselle and Cosa return memories of the Roman age.
And then, medieval villages, towns rich in history, castles and fortification systems, rural churches (the so-called “parish churches”) and suggestive abbeys, such as that of Sant’Antimo, are present throughout the territory and their profiles stand out in the landscapes Crete Senesi, Val d’Orcia, Garfagnana, Chianti and Maremma.
Finally, there are numerous sources of well-being: Montecatini, Saturnia, Montepulciano, Monsummano and Bagno Vignoni which, thanks to the thermal waters and the centers equipped for all types of treatment, offer relaxing holidays.